Dawoud Bey’s 2012 “The Birmingham Project” includes “Mary Parker and Caela Cowan, Birmingham, AL.” (Courtesy the artist, Rennie Collection)

Dawoud Bey’s 2012 “The Birmingham Project” includes “Mary Parker and Caela Cowan, Birmingham, AL.” (Courtesy the artist, Rennie Collection)

Black like Bey

SFMOMA showcases photographer Dawoud Bey’s beautiful, sociopolitical images

Perusing the four-decade retrospective of his work at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, photographer Dawoud Bey pointed to a recent series of dark, intricately textured landscapes and said, “I figured out how to make work about places, not faces.”

Recently in The City to open the exhibition, organized by SFMOMA and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, Bey, 66, said though he almost always is “facing forward,” it was a “wonderful, unnerving moment” to see the through-line that connects his work going back to 1975.

Curated by Corey Keller of SFMOMA and Elisabeth Sherman of the Whitney, “Dawoud Bey: An American Project” features some 80 works, wide-ranging in scale, color and concept, but uniformly compelling.

The earliest images from the 1970s are sensitive, straightforward, black-and-white portraits he took on the streets of his hometown Harlem, of people, he said, who gave him the feeling “that they were present.”

“A Man in a Bowler Hat, Harlem, NY” is from 1976’s “Harlem, U.S.A.” project. (Courtesy the artist, Sean Kelly Gallery, Stephen Daiter Gallery, Rena Bransten Gallery)

“A Man in a Bowler Hat, Harlem, NY” is from 1976’s “Harlem, U.S.A.” project. (Courtesy the artist, Sean Kelly Gallery, Stephen Daiter Gallery, Rena Bransten Gallery)

That first project by the young, self-taught photographer was influenced by his 1969 visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art to see “Harlem On My Mind,” a show that raised controversy for not including works by black artists.

But for the teen Bey, it was “quite a revelation” because it was the “first time photos of African Americans could be seen in a museum.” He said it marked “the beginning of my own ambition to make photos about what I knew.”

Through the years, his portraits took on different, more expansive formats.

“An American Project” includes gorgeous, large-scale, up-close, warmly colored Polaroids, as well as an evocative series focusing on faces, and thoughts, of high-school students (a group he feels has been under- and misrepresented). In addition to taking their pictures, Bey asked the youngsters to describe themselves; their revealing responses appear on wall text next to the portraits.

“Alva, New York, NY” from 1992 is in Bey’s “20 X 24 Polaroids” series. (Courtesy the artist; Addison Gallery of American Art; Phillips Academy)

“Alva, New York, NY” from 1992 is in Bey’s “20 X 24 Polaroids” series. (Courtesy the artist; Addison Gallery of American Art; Phillips Academy)

Perhaps the show’s most moving portraits are in “The Birmingham Project,” a 2012 series commemorating the black children who died in the racially-motivated 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Alabama in 1963.

Considering the question, “How does one visualize the past in the contemporary moment?” Bey created portrait diptychs, juxtaposing photos he took in Alabama in 2012 of children who were the same age as those murdered by white supremacists in 1963 with pictures of adults at the age the youngsters would be now if they hadn’t been killed. Not just about the faces, the portraits powerfully capture a sense of absence, loss and lost opportunities.

The show’s most recent images, from 2018’s “Night Coming Tenderly, Black” — a project intended to depict the experience of being a slave on a journey to freedom on the Underground Railroad — are dramatically different, and perhaps more powerful.

From a distance, the dark images don’t register. But up close, Bey’s richly textured landscapes — pictures of houses, trees and water in northeastern Ohio, a few presumable “stations” on the Underground Railroad, although the exact locations are unknown — resemble beautiful, intricate tapestries.

“Untitled #20 (Farmhouse and Picket Fence I),” from “Night Coming Tenderly, Black,” is among the exhibition’s dark, perfectly exquisite, photographs when viewed up close in person. (Courtesy the artist, SFMOMA)

“Untitled #20 (Farmhouse and Picket Fence I),” from “Night Coming Tenderly, Black,” is among the exhibition’s dark, perfectly exquisite, photographs when viewed up close in person. (Courtesy the artist, SFMOMA)

Bey created the delicate images by shooting the photographs during the daytime, then using complex printing techniques inspired by Harlem photographer Ray DeCarava, who was known for exploring blackness in his work.

Bey said, “I wanted to make photos from the vantage point of someone moving through northeastern Ohio escaping enslavement, and reimagine, within reason, what the landscape may have been.”

Naming the project after a line from Langston Hughes’ poem “Dream Variations,” Bey added, “Blackness was a tender place; the black subject was moving toward liberation.”

Dawoud Bay agreed to pose next to an image in his “Night Coming Tenderly, Black” series. (Leslie Katz/S.F. Examiner)

Dawoud Bay agreed to pose next to an image in his “Night Coming Tenderly, Black” series. (Leslie Katz/S.F. Examiner)

IF YOU GO

Dawoud Bey: An American Project

Where: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, third floor, 151 Third St., S.F.

When: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily (except closed Wednesdays and to 9 p.m. Thursdays and Saturdays); through May 25

Tickets: $19 to $25; free for 18 and younger

Contact: (415) 357-4000, sfmoma.org

Museums and GalleriesVisual Arts

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