WHAT: Omar al-Bashir has become the first head of state ever re-elected while under a war-crimes arrest warrant from The Hague-based International Criminal Court. He won another term as Sudan’s president with 68 percent. Al-Bashir’s victory was a foregone conclusion after his strongest challengers pulled out to protest widespread allegations of fraud and intimidation.
WHY: Sudan’s first multiparty elections in 24 years were required by the 2005 peace deal ending a 21-year civil war between the predominantly Arab and Muslim north and rebels in the Christian-animist south. The fighting left 2 million people dead and many more displaced.
WHAT’S BEING DONE: Al-Bashir cannot travel to most nations because he would be arrested to face charges before the International Criminal Court for war crimes in the Darfur region. However, his victory speech broadcast on TV promised that the south’s mandated 2011 secession referendum would take place.