A way to reduce the deficit 

Notwithstanding President Barack Obama’s promise in his State of the Union address to freeze domestic discretionary spending for five years, Vice President Joseph Biden on Tuesday proposed $53 billion in high-speed rail projects atop $8 billion so previously “invested.” This is every boy’s dream: the ultimate train set. Thank you, Santa!

For their part, Congressional Republicans struggle to find $100 billion in budget cuts, even though that promise fueled their historical election victories last November. So far, they have proposed just $74 billion in cuts for fiscal year 2011, $26 billion below this minimum threshold.

Meanwhile, more than $700 billion gathers dust in accounts all around Washington.

That’s right. An arcane budgetary category called “unobligated funds” includes money that Congress has appropriated for agencies and programs in every corner of the federal government. When that money goes unspent, it just sits there like an ancient wooden chest on a Caribbean island, waiting to be pried open.

Sen. Tom Coburn, R-Okla., holds the treasure map. He and his team cite an Office of Management and Budget document with the page-turning title Balances of Budget Authority — Budget of the U.S. Government — Fiscal Year 2011.

On page 8, Table 1 indicates in black and white that this fiscal year’s federal budget contains $703,128,000,000 in “unobligated balances.” Thus, more than $703 billion languishes in department, agency and program ledgers. This includes $12.2 billion unspent at the Agriculture Department, $16.4 billion at Labor, $25.2 billion at Housing and Urban Development, $71.4 billion at Defense, and $309.1 billion at Treasury.

While unspent obligated money must be stewarded for specific purposes for up to five years, these unobligated funds, “have not yet been committed by contract or other legally binding action by the government,” OMB explains. Nonetheless, it might be wise to husband some of this money for legitimate purposes, such as military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Still, if only 20 percent of these funds could be liberated, then some $140.6 billion could be redirected immediately to reduce the deficit, freeze the national debt limit, or cut the corporate tax and, thus, fortify America’s anemic economy.

In fact, Coburn’s office estimates that $82.4 billion of these funds are between six and 20 years old! You read correctly: At this very second, the federal budget contains $82.4 billion that has hibernated in numerous accounts between FY 1991 and FY 2005. While agency chiefs and lobbyists might scream that these funds are sacred, such arguments become hilarious when applied to taxpayer dollars that have remained untouched for at least half a dozen years.

Team Coburn reckons that at least $100 billion of these unobligated funds safely could be applied to budget reduction. This could be done without padlocking the Smithsonian, dismissing air-traffic controllers or showing Granny to her new home atop a subway grate. Hardly anyone would notice this simple act of accounting hygiene.

“Congress is approving increases in government funding faster than bureaucrats can spend it,” Coburn told colleagues in January 2010. “While it is laudable that government bureaucrats are not spending every dollar that they are entrusted, this staggering amount of unspent money exposes the mismanagement of our national finances by Congress.”

Deroy Murdock is a columnist with Scripps Howard News Service and a media fellow with the Hoover Institution at Stanford University.

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