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Florida schools plan for permanent police presence

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Miami-Dade County School Superintendent Alberto M. Carvalho attends a Youth Town Hall with Student Peace Ambassadors and local law enforcement officers at Booker T. Washington High School on Feb. 11, 2016 in Doral, Fla. (Johnny Louis/Sipa USA/TNS)

MIAMI — Miami-Dade political leaders want to develop a plan for putting police officers on all school campuses in the county.

Having sworn officers at all schools is a requirement under a gun bill that Gov. Rick Scott signed into law Friday, but Miami-Dade officials had already begun discussing how to make that happen. Besides increasing up police presence in all schools, elected officials want to bolster training and create a data-sharing partnership to identify potential threats.

Under the new law, the state will provide $162 million for school officers at public schools across the state. But Miami-Dade’s cut of the newly allocated funds dedicated to enhancing school safety might not be enough to pay for at least one officer at every primary and secondary public school, and the interagency training envisioned by local leaders. And several officials want to make sure that private schools are covered as well.

“We’re all advocating for the same thing,” said Alberto Carvalho, the Miami-Dade school superintendent. “I think everyone recognizes that this very sad incident was a game-changer for everybody.”

Carvalho and many local politicians disapprove of the Legislature’s decision to fund the arming of school personnel — $67 million statewide that critics say dedicates too much money to arming people who are not sworn police officers. Officials in Miami-Dade are talking about reassigning municipal police officers to bolster school patrols. The school system has its own sworn police force and places armed officers at secondary schools, but not primary schools.

To patrol them all, several local governments seem willing to get their own police trained and placed at schools.

“We’re going to have to sit with all municipalities and discuss how to best accomplish this task,” said Miami-Dade Police Director Juan Perez.

The mayors of Miami, Hialeah, Miami Gardens and Miami Beach spoke with Carvalho the night of the Parkland shooting, all agreeing that more police were needed at schools the following day. The superintendent said it soon became clear that parents wanted the comfort of having additional officers all the time — a complicated proposition in a county like Miami-Dade that has so many local governments with different police forces, budgets and community needs.

“There are a lot of moving parts to it,” said Miami Beach Mayor Dan Gelber. At a meeting Wednesday, the city commission was eager to finalize an agreement with the school board that would put local police at the city’s six schools.

On Thursday, Miami commissioners learned that in the first year, it would cost the city about $25.2 million to put one new full-time officer in each of the 94 public and private schools in the city. Police Chief Jorge Colina cautioned commissioners that on top of the cost, the officers would need special training — particularly not to be heavy-handed while handling behavioral issues.

“I would not want the added responsibility of having policemen inside schools,” he said. “Unless you have very specialized training, policemen are going to be policemen.”

Commission Chairman Keon Hardemon expressed reservations about putting more officers on campuses for fear of disproportionately affecting minority communities. He said more police could mean more arrests for minor offenses at less-privileged schools, while the same behavior would likely be handled between principals and parents at wealthier schools.

“Every fight becomes an arrestable offense,” he said.

Carvalho said the additional officers would provide security for teachers and students; they won’t be a new disciplinary arm to put kids in handcuffs over schoolyard scuffles. He was echoed by Edwin Lopez, the deputy chief of Miami-Dade Schools’ police department, who said part of the increased collaboration has to include training for municipal officers on how to handle situations in ways that don’t end with students’ arrests.

“Our officers are trained on a daily basis to deal with what is in the best interest of the student,” he said. “Arresting a juvenile for a simple misdemeanor might prevent that juvenile from becoming an attorney, or from becoming a police officer.”

Hialeah Mayor Carlos Hernandez, a retired police officer, suggested having street officers do monthlong tours of duty at schools interspersed with regular patrol duty. Having a rotation that frequently put officers back on the streets would prevent them from getting too comfortable and letting their guard down, he said.

“We don’t want to make the mistake of having the officers just assigned to schools,” he said. “Complacency happens.”

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